1. The ____ was crucial to Britain’s Industrial Revolution. (1 point)
2. The social change brought about by the Industrial Revolution was evident in the (1 point)
emergence of the middle class and the working class.
growing death rates, due to accidents on the highways.
thick air pollution that choked the British Isles.
widespread famines caused by families abandoning their farms.
3. The pitiful conditions created by the Industrial Revolution gave rise to (1 point)
the Iron Workers’ Revolt by 1886.
the organization of charitable groups.
socialism, in which society owns and controls the means of production.
a cry for rights for animals that worked in coal mines.
4. The spread of the factory system resulted in all of the following EXCEPT
the movement away from home production.
poorer quality of iron.
the need for more power.
increased exports of British cotton goods.
5. ____ emphasized feelings and imagination as sources of knowing. (1 point)
6. _____ is the belief that people should be as free as possible from government restraints. (1 point)
7. ____ arose out of people’s awareness of being part of a community with common institutions, traditions, language, and customs. (1 point)
8. Among other things, the romantics valued
individualism, the belief in the uniqueness of each person.
socialism, a system in which society owns and controls the means of production.
conservatism, the political philosophy based on tradition and social stability.
neoism, the belief that the past should be discarded and society should be completely rebuilt.
9. Otto von Bismarck practiced realpolitik, which was (1 point)
a theory of politics based on practical matters rather than theory or ethics.
the view that military might equaled political might.
a belief that animals have political rights.
the study of the government of other nations, both past and present.
10. Who proposed the germ theory of disease? (1 point)
11. The British novelist Charles Dickens became very successful with his (1 point)
romantic novels focusing on the pastoral life of Britain’s farming community.
Gothic novels showing the dangers of a man’s attempt to dominate nature.
secular novels portraying criminals who were evil.
realistic novels focusing on the lower and middle classes in Britain.
12. In the Second Industrial Revolution, what led the way to new industrial frontiers? (1 point)
textiles, railroads, iron, and coal
a true world economy, internal-combustion engines, and new products
radios, telephones, light bulbs, and telegraphs
steel, chemicals, electricity, and petroleum
13. By 1914, trade unions had (1 point)
been outlawed in most of Europe and in the United States.
called so many strikes that overall production dropped drastically.
bettered both the living and working conditions of the working class.
the full support of all religious organizations.
14. According to Karl Marx, the ____, or working class, was oppressed by the middle class. (1 point)
15. The Triple Alliance united (1 point)
Great Britain, France, and Russia.
Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy.
Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Russia.
Great Britain, France, and the United States.
16. Pogroms and anti-Semitism in Europe led to all of the following EXCEPT (1 point)
emigration of thousands of Jews to the United States.
larger populations of Jews in eastern Europe.
the growth of Zionism.
political parties that endorsed anti-Semitism.
17. According to Albert Einstein’s special theory of relativity, (1 point)
if all material things disappear out of the universe, only other stuff would remain.
only space and time exist independently of the human experience.
if all material things disappear out of the universe, time and space would disappear with them.
matter and energy are two separate, distinct monads.
18. What was the "white man’s burden"? (1 point)
bigger, stronger Europeans could carry more baggage
the belief that Europeans had a moral responsibility to civilize primitive peoples
the crowded urban living conditions created by the Second Industrial Revolution
the unpopular belief that Europeans were responsible for the mass destruction of many African cultures
19. What was the goal of the Indian National Congress? (1 point)
immediate independence for India and Pakistan
a share in the governing process of India
a revolution that was embraced by both Hindus and Muslims
a new constitution and the violent overthrow of British rule
20. The Monroe Doctrine was created by President James Monroe to (1 point)
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